Australia :- Australia is one of the leading destinations for students who are looking to study abroad, and every year the number of international students increases. The low cost of living and tuition fees and excellent lifestyle and weather are the major reasons for the popularity of Australia as a study abroad destination.
Australians are very friendly and helpful people, with a great sense of humor and a natural ability to tell jokes and play with words. Australia has stability of Institutions and the strong economy. In reality, Australia is considered one of the most competitive nations on Earth.
An outdoor lifestyle and love of sports punctuates Australian life. With more than 80 per cent of Australians living within 50 km of the coast. The most popular watched sport in Australia is Australian Rules football with rugby, cricket, tennis, swimming, and of course surfing and yachting all popular participant and spectator sports.
Australia has a large multicultural population: approximately 23 per cent of the population is foreign born and almost 40 per cent are of mixed cultural origins. With such a mixture of people, you’ll find a rich cultural scene along with a number of literature, arts and crafts, music, theatre and dance festivals celebrating indigenous, colonial and other cultures. Various ethnic groups have contributed to the richness of Australia’s cuisine, from Greek to Vietnamese and Cantonese to Indian.
1.a Primary & Secondary school:-
This is equivalent to 10+2 education in India. Schooling in Australia starts with a kindergarten or preparatory year followed by 12 years of primary and secondary school. In the final year of secondary school, Year 12, you can study for a government-endorsed certificate that is recognized by all Australian universities and vocational education and training institutions. This Senior Secondary Certificate of Education is also recognized by many international universities.
1.b Foundation Studies:-
Foundation courses help international students who may not initially meet entry requirements gain entry to undergraduate study at Australian universities and colleges. They also help students adapt to the Australian academic environment and life in Australia. Some foundation courses promise a place at university after successful completion of the course.
1.c Vocational Education and Training (VET) Institutes
Australia’s vocational education and training (VET) institutions offer the opportunity to improve your skills in real and artificial work environments. The practical expertise you gain in the workplace will give you a genuine advantage over other graduates.
At these institutions, you can study a wide range of disciplines, including: business and management, science and technology, design and arts, communications, sport and recreation, community service and health, tourism and hospitality, engineering and building, horticulture and land management and English.
Programs are provided by public Technical and Further Education (TAFE) Institutes, private colleges and a number of schools and universities. Industry and Government work together to develop training outcomes, which are then implemented according to nationally endorsed training packages.
This allows you to apply knowledge learnt inside the classroom, outside in the real world. You learn by doing, rather than just reading from textbooks. Your initial qualification can be built on to achieve higher qualifications, provide the basis to begin or change a career, or assist with further study at university.
You can also use this training as a pathway to other avenues of higher education. Depending on your qualification, universities may provide you with credit towards a Degree. This gives you the practical skills as well as the theory from a university Degree. You’ll leave Australia with two qualifications that are recognised around the world—a major advantage over other graduates.
1.d Universities (Higher Studies) :-
There are 37 public universities and two private universities in Australia which offer both undergraduate and postgraduate programs. The most popular courses of study for international students have been in the fields of Business, Administration and Economics, followed by Science, then Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences.
University study can lead to the following awards: Undergraduate – Bachelor Degrees, Bachelor Degrees (with Honours), Undergraduate Diplomas, Associate Diplomas; Postgraduate – Doctoral Degrees, Masters Degrees, Graduate Diplomas, and Graduate Certificates.
Canadians place great importance on learning, and have developed a first-rate education system with high standards. The country spends more on education (as a percentage of GDP) compared to the OECD average, and is the second highest among G-8 countries. One of the Best Places in the World to Live. A Safe Place to Study. A High Tech Country
CAPITAL – Ottawa
Ottawa sits on the border between the provinces of Ontario and Quebec in central Canada.
It was made capital of the British colonial province of Canada in 1857. Canada has three levels of government: federal, provincial and territorial, and municipal (local or regional).
Canada has two official languages—English and French.
Canada consists of 10 provinces and 3 territories in 5 main regions: the Atlantic region, Central Canada, the Prairies, the West Coast and the North. Canada is a world leader in the fields of telecommunications, biotechnology, aerospace technologies and pharmaceuticals. More and more jobs involve work in service industries or in information technology.
Canada spends more on education (as a percentage of GDP) compared to the OECD average, and is the second highest among G-8 countries.
Canada uses a federal form of democratic government that brings together a number of different political communities under a common government for mutual purposes, and separate regional governments for the particular needs of each region.
2.b Canada has three level of Government :-
Territorial and Municipal (local or regional).
2.c Culture :-
Canada has two official languages—English and French
A highly diverse culture, thanks to the contribution of Canadians of all origins.
Canada consists of 10 provinces and 3 territories in 5 main regions: the Atlantic region, Central Canada, the Prairies, the West Coast and the North.
The culture and population are different in each region.
The Atlantic region consists of the provinces of Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, and Newfoundland and Labrador.